Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure that removes and replaces portions of an arthritic weakened joint with a metal, plastic or ceramic device called prosthesis. The prosthesis is designed to replicate a natural, safe joint movement. Hip and knee replacements are the most frequently done joint replacements, although it is possible to perform replacement surgery on other joints, including the ankle, wrist, shoulder, and elbow.
What are some of the most common joint replacement procedures?
Joint replacement is meant to repair the cartilage that has been weakened and any bone loss. The injured joint is replenished during the operation and reinforcement and function are used for the muscles and ligaments of the patients. The hip, knee, and shoulder are the three most common joint replacement surgeries in India:
- Hip Replacement: – The hip substitute is a hip socket and the “ball” or thigh bone head replacement surgery. In Hip Replacement Surgery, the surgeon removes the plug and ball to remove the cartilage and bone and puts an artificial ball and a plug into a solid bone.
- Knee Replacement: – Knee Replacement Surgery is done to treat advanced or end-stage arthritis. When arthritis in the knee joints or knee has advanced to the point that it cannot be treated with medication alone, or the deformity has become serious.
- Shoulder Replacement: – Total replacement of the shoulder joint is generally required for those with advanced osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis and occasionally, for those with severe breakage of the shoulder.
Who’s at risk of needing a joint replacement?
Many conditions can lead to joint pain and impairment and cause patients to seek surgery to repair the joint. Joint pain is often caused by cartilage damage that lines the ends of the bones – either from arthritis, fracture, or another disorder. When your pain and disability are not allowed alleviated by non-surgical treatments such as medication, physical therapy and improvements to your daily activities, your doctor may prescribe complete joint replacement surgery.
How do you know when you have arthritis?
Many forms of arthritis exist, but most will begin with similar symptoms. The symptoms that get worse over time, and while there are steps you take to avoid arthritis progression, you need to realize that it is arthritis that causes the pain. Some developing symptoms of arthritis are:
- Joint pain
- Joint Swelling
- Stiffness of Joints
- Deformity of joints
- Grinding sensations
- Red Joints
- Lumps and Bumps around joints.
Is joint replacement the best option for Arthritis?
This congenital condition causes damage to the surfaces of the joint where they are in contact with each other. This is the head of the humerus and the part of the scapula in the shoulder. The affected areas in the hip are the femur’s head and the gap in the pelvic bones in which it lies. The replacement of damaged joints with the artificial parts is a complete joint replacement surgery in India for arthritis. The shoulder and Hip Replacements Surgery consist of a ball with a base as well as a socket.
What does the procedure entail?
The patients are lying on his or her back, and the incision is in the front of the hip where we don’t damage any muscles. Patients like this strategy because it doesn’t hurt as much and it’s easier to heal. Replacements of the knee joints are very different. We detach the knee from the front, remove the knee cap and use cutting jigs to rearrange the bones, install new components and fit what suits you best.
Do patients return to normal functioning after a joint replacement?
Returning to normal functioning after a joint replacement surgery in India is the key objective of the joint replacement surgery. There is minimal quantitative and qualitative research that focuses on returning to work after repairing hip replacement surgery and knee replacement surgery. It remains unclear why certain patients groups are unable to achieve adequate functional enhancement to allow a successful return to work while others can do.
Which patients is not a candidate for joint replacement?
Following the procedure, you must be able to do the rehabilitation. If you are over a certain level of BMI, then problems are skyrocketing exponentially. Until operating, we would want these patients to get their weight control. And anyone who has pass knee infections or hip infections would not be a good candidate.
Are there any misperceptions about joint replacement surgery?
This surgery is the last option. We want to make sure that we have all the remaining destroyed before we do a joint replacement. On giving evidence-based research in practice that reveals what works and educate patients about things that probably won’t work.
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